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Tourism’s Local Benefits for Namibia’s Community Based Natural Resource Management Areas

B. Libanda, J.N Blignaut


In recent years there has been increasing interest in, and support for the use of Payments for Ecosystem Goods and Services (PES) as a means to advance the goals of both poverty reduction (through the diversification of the income streams of the rural poor) and nature conservation. But, can resources made available through PES effectively create a sufficient incentive for nature conservation and poverty reduction? In this paper we consider evidence from Namibia’s Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) areas with respect to such payments and their contribution to income diversification and poverty reduction. We further describe the evolution and current status of PES within CBNRM, summarise the Namibian conservancies’ experience on implementing PES schemes, and synthesise recommended approaches to PES. We conclude that the Namibian government should identify strategies to reduce the transaction costs of establishing PES-based commodities. The need to address issues of secure tenure systems within CBNRM is also identified as being significant to the overall effectiveness of PES. We argue that a secure tenure system has the potential to attract investors to form joint venture tourism operations.


Payments for Ecosystem Goods and Services, Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM), Conservancies, Poverty alleviation, Nature Conservation

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