Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Socio-economic and Environmental Consequences of Public and Private Investment in Shrimp Aquaculture: The Case of Indonesia

Curtis M. Jolly, Tridoyo Kusumastanto

Abstract


Socio-economic and environmental conflicts in public and private investment planning in the Indonesian shrimp aquaculture industry are examined. A dynamic regional economic allocation model (DREAM) and Harmonious Adaptive Learning Procedure (HALP) are used to evaluate investment strategies for shrimp aquaculture when hierarchal decisions are made and goals imposed at various stages. When income generation and labor employment are regional priorities, firms employ less skilled and unskilled labor, but more capital intensive systems. When the environment is given priority consideration, firms employ semi-intensive and extensive production systems, but shrimp production, and exports are significantly different from that of project optimal levels. When average weight is given to environmental concerns resource allocation and output levels approach that of optimality and that at the project level.

Keywords


shrimp; aquaculture; environment; employment; investment

Full Text:

PDF


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.