Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Health Impact as Free-Rider Issue of Water Consumption and Sewage Water Disposal: A Case Study

D. Suja., S. Boopathi

Abstract


People migrate towards urban regions seeking employment opportunities by way of industrialization, thereby, availing modernization,better education and healthcare facilities. This causes rapid urbanization of many mushrooming small towns in our country. The positive results of urbanization viz., economic development and higher GDP are counterbalanced by the negative externalities created in the urban ecosystem. Urban centers are confronted with a host of environmental problems such as contamination of potable water, air pollution, noise pollution, automobile pollution, solid waste and sewage water disposal. Both domestic water consumption and sewage water disposal are selected for special consideration as it has direct bearing on human health however has received very little attention. In this backdrop, the present paper is addressing issues like domestic water consumption, quantity disposal of waste water, transpiring diseases and costs of treatment. An intensive field survey was conducted to estimate loss of opportunity cost. The multistage sampling methods were applied in order to chosen 140 households. It is concludes that the provision drinking water and availability of drainage facilities are weakened in peripheral part which were associated with high health treatment cost. Slum in central part, even though proximity of availing the facility is closer, the socially and economically vulnerable groups are deprived this basic facility.

Keywords


Sewage water disposal, water pollution, drinking water, health damage

Full Text:

PDF


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.