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Comparison of decision tree, support vector machines, and Bayesian network approaches for classification of falls in Parkinson’s disease

Sarini Sarini, James McGree, Nicole White, Kerrie Mengersen, Graham Kerr

Abstract



Being able to accurately predict the risk of falling is crucial in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). This is due to the unfavorable effect of falls, which can lower the quality of life as well as directly impact on survival. Three methods considered for predicting falls are decision trees (DT), Bayesian networks (BN), and support vector machines (SVM). Data on a 1-year prospective study conducted at IHBI, Australia, for 51 people with PD are used. Data processing are conducted using rpart and e1071 packages in R for DT and SVM, consecutively; and Bayes Server 5.5 for the BN. The results show that BN and SVM produce consistently higher accuracy over the 12 months evaluation time points (average sensitivity and specificity 92%) than DT (average sensitivity 88%, average specificity 72%). DT is prone to imbalanced data so needs to adjust for the misclassification cost. However, DT provides a straightforward, interpretable result and thus is appealing for helping to identify important items related to falls and to generate fallers’ profiles.

Keywords


Bayesian network, decision tree, falls classification, na¨ıve Bayes classifier, Parkinson’s disease, support vector machines.

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