Formalization of The Approaches Regarding Assessing the Level of the Eco-Friendly Regional Innovation Systems
In this article the structural model of the eco-friendly regional innovation system (RIS) is suggested, which takes into account the interconnection of the RIS subsystems and macro components, and also has a number of common positions with the Triple Helix concept, the Quadruple Helix concept, which along with universities, industry and the state a key role in the innovation process gives to the society - the ultimate consumer of innovation, as well as with Quintuple Helix concept which generates knowledge and innovation in the context of the environment and which is interpreted as an approach in accordance with the principle of sustainable development and social environment. Typization of the regional innovation systems (RIS) is suggested for the purpose of comparative assessments in order to find ways to further development of the eco-friendly RIS. Proceeding from the synthesis of the most common techniques in assessing the level of the RIS innovative development, it is suggested to conduct an assessment taking into account, firstly, the development type of the eco-friendly RIS; and secondly, take into account the mutual influence of the socio-economic and the innovation environment and to allocate the block "green" economy. The authors indicate the stages of the assessment level of the RIS innovative development and suggest indicators according to which the level of eco-friendly regional systems development is calculated. The suggested approach will allow identifying priorities in the choice of the regional eco-friendly strategies.
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