Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Sustainable Production of Lampung Robusta Coffee: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Fitriani, Bustanul Arifin, Wan Abbas Zakaria, R Hanung Ismono, Fembriarti Erry Prasmatiwi


The application of coffee agroforestry system in upstream watersheds is essential to analyze more deeply to answer global the demand for sustainable production. Information on the evaluation of agroforestry coffee systems sustainability in Sekampung upper watershed is still limited. This study aimed to analyze the economic sustainability of coffee production systems in the upper watershed. The research took place in Sekampung upper watershed located Air Naningan sub-district of Tanggamus, selected purposively. Datar Lebuay and SinarJawa villages were selected because both regions have most extensive dry land use. Besides, mainly the two villages are crossed with two large rivers flowing water into Way Sekampung and Batu Tegi Dam watersheds: Sangharus River and Sekampung Hulu River. The respondents were coffee farmers, selected based on land management status including private/clan holders, IUPHKm permits, and non-HKm. Respondent sampling was conducted randomly based on the land status of 400 people. Data was collected by interviewing individual respondents using a questionnaire. The method of measuring the economic feasibility of coffee production systems used was Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) with sustainability indicators of NPV, Net Benefit, and EIRR. Considering the results of the analysis, it could be concluded that coffee farming in agroforestry cultivation systems and coffee monoculture systems in the different land tenure met the eligibility criteria and provided long-term economic benefits. The application of agroforestry coffee was a strategic option to increase the farmers’ land productivity. Agroforestry coffee production in the long run was relatively resistant to the changing coffee prices despite extreme price declines. The option to increase the diversity of intercropping populations and MPTS could increase the farmers' land productivity.


benefit, cost, analysis, coffee, agroforestry, HKm, Sekampung

Full Text:


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information. Also: DOI is paid service which provided by a third party. We never mentioned that we go for this for our any journal. However, journal have no objection if author go directly for this paid DOI service.